How To Serge On A Sewing Machine

How To Serge With A Sewing Machine?

Serging is a sewing technique that uses a specialized machine called a serger or overlock machine. Serging can be used to finish seams, create decorative edges, and even construct entire garments. While serging can seem intimidating to those who are new to sewing, with a little practice and guidance, it can become a valuable skill in your sewing repertoire.

In this guide, we’ll provide step-by-step instructions on how to serge with a sewing machine, including setting up your machine, threading it correctly, and adjusting the settings for different types of fabric and finishes. So whether you’re a beginner or an experienced sewer looking to expand your skills, read on to learn how to serge like a pro! You may read also What Is A Bobbin On A Sewing Machine

How To Serge With A Sewing Machine In Only 2 Steps

These steps are the following there:

Step 1. Attach the foot and set up the machine

The first step to serging with a sewing machine is to attach the serger foot to your machine. This foot is specially designed to allow the needle to pass over the edge of the fabric while the blades trim the excess fabric and encase the edge with thread. Consult your machine’s manual for instructions on how to attach the serger foot.

Once you have attached the serger foot, you will need to set up the machine for serging. This typically involves adjusting the tension, stitch length, and stitch width. Again, consult your machine’s manual for specific instructions on how to do this.

Step 2: Start Sewing 

Once your machine is set up and ready to go, it’s time to start sewing. Begin by lining up the edge of your fabric with the serger foot and lower the foot to secure it in place. Then, press the foot pedal to start the machine and guide the fabric along the edge. The blades will trim the excess fabric as you go, and the needle will encase the edge with thread.

It’s important to keep a steady pace and tension while sewing to ensure a consistent stitch. If you need to change the thread color or adjust the tension, be sure to stop the machine and make the necessary adjustments before continuing.

Once you have finished serging, simply cut the thread and remove the fabric from the machine. You should now have a neatly finished edge that won’t fray or unravel.

Serging with a sewing machine is a quick and easy way to finish off fabric edges and achieve a professional look. By following these two simple steps – attaching the foot and setting up the machine, and starting to sew – you can easily master the technique and create beautiful, polished edges on all of your sewing projects.

Can A Sewing Machine Serge?

Yes, many modern sewing machines can perform a serging function. This is accomplished through the use of a serger foot and specialized serger needles that work in conjunction with the machine’s stitch selection settings. 

When set to the correct mode, the machine will produce a tight, overlocked seam that neatly finishes the raw edges of the fabric. This is especially useful for sewing stretchy fabrics, as the serged seam provides additional give and durability to the finished garment. 

However, it’s worth noting that while a sewing machine with serging capabilities can produce similar results to a standalone serger, a dedicated serger machine is generally more efficient and faster for this specific task.

How Do You Serge With A Regular Sewing Machine?

Serging is a sewing technique used to finish raw edges of fabric and prevent fraying. While serging is traditionally done with a serger machine, it is possible to achieve a similar effect with a regular sewing machine. 

To Serge with a regular sewing machine, you will need to use a zigzag stitch or a mock overlock stitch. Begin by trimming the raw edge of the fabric to about 1/4 inch. Then, use the chosen stitch to sew over the edge of the fabric, with the stitches extending slightly beyond the edge. 

Be sure to use a sturdy thread and adjust the tension and stitch length according to the thickness and type of fabric you are working with. With practice, you can achieve a clean and professional finish on your seams using this method. You may read also Why Does My Sewing Machine Keep Coming Unthreaded

Do I Overlock Before Or After Sewing?

Overlocking is a technique used in sewing to prevent the edges of fabric from fraying. It involves using an overlocker or serger machine to trim the edge of the fabric and simultaneously encase it in a thread stitch. 

Whether you should overlock before or after sewing depends on the specific project and your personal preference. If you are working on a project where the fabric edges will be visible, such as a hemline or a neckline, it is often best to overlock before sewing to ensure a clean and professional finish. 

However, if you are working on a project where the fabric edges will be hidden, such as a lining or an internal seam, you may prefer to overlock after sewing to save time and avoid unnecessary thread waste. Ultimately, it is up to you to decide the best order for overlocking based on the needs of your particular project.

How Do You Finish The Edges Of Fabric Without Sewing?

Finishing the edges of fabric without sewing can be accomplished through various methods, including using fabric glue, pinking shears, fray check, or hemming tape. These methods are useful for those who do not own a sewing machine, or for those who want to achieve a finished edge quickly and easily without having to sew.

Fabric Glue:

One of the most popular ways to finish fabric edges without sewing is by using fabric glue. Fabric glue is a strong adhesive that can be used to attach fabrics together without sewing. To finish fabric edges with fabric glue, apply a small amount of glue along the raw edge of the fabric and allow it to dry completely. Once dry, the fabric edge will be sealed and will not fray.

Pinking Shears:

Another method for finishing fabric edges without sewing is to use pinking shears. Pinking shears are scissors with a serrated edge that creates a zigzag pattern along the fabric edge. This zigzag pattern prevents the fabric from unraveling and gives it a neat and finished look.

Fray Check:

Fray check is another useful product that can be used to finish fabric edges without sewing. Fray check is a liquid that is applied to the raw edge of the fabric, which prevents it from fraying. It dries clear and can be used on a variety of fabrics.

Hemming Tape:

Hemming tape is another alternative to sewing that can be used to finish fabric edges. Hemming tape is a double-sided adhesive tape that is applied to the raw edge of the fabric. The fabric is then folded over the tape and pressed firmly to create a finished edge.


In conclusion, serging with a sewing machine is a useful technique for finishing edges, preventing fraying, and creating a professional-looking finish on your sewing projects. To get started, you will need a serger machine, which operates differently from a standard sewing machine. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for threading and adjusting the tension and stitch settings. Practice on scrap fabric to get the hang of the machine and experiment with different types of stitches and finishes. With a little bit of practice, you’ll be able to master serging and add a polished touch to your sewing projects. You may check also Where Can I Donate A Sewing Machine


Can you serge stitch on a regular sewing machine?

Yes, most regular sewing machines have a serger stitch option that can create a similar finished edge to that of a serger machine. However, it may require a special presser foot and some adjustments to the settings to achieve the desired result.

How do you Serge without a serger?

You can mimic the look of serged edges by using a zigzag stitch or a mock overlock stitch on a regular sewing machine. You can also finish edges with bias tape or pinking shears to prevent fraying. Alternatively, you can hand sew a blanket stitch or whip stitch along the edges for a decorative finish.

What does Serge mean in sewing?

In sewing, Serge refers to a type of stitch made by a serger machine that trims the edge of the fabric while sewing. The serge stitch is commonly used to finish the raw edges of fabric to prevent fraying and give a professional-looking edge to the garment or project.

Do beginners need a serger?

No, beginners do not need a serger. A serger is a specialized machine that trims the seam allowance and finishes the edge of the fabric in one step. While it can be helpful for professional-looking finishes, it is not essential for beginners who can achieve similar results with a regular sewing machine.

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